Through the early mathematical and philosophical learnings made by classical and ancient civilizations, we’ve come to better acquaint ourselves with the machinations of our Universe


It’s no secret that much of our knowledge of the Universe was closely related to the fundamental discoveries both in Math and Science. Astronomy has proven especially resourceful in how we’ve been able to comprehend our place in the never-ending cosmos. 

Despite the few early misconceptions, there have been many astronomers, mathematicians, and philosophers who’ve produced profound learnings we still apply today. Some of the most influential minds in math and astronomy derived from classical and ancient civilizations such as Greece, Rome, Babylonia, Egypt, even China, and India.

There’s distinctive material evidence to prove Babylonia was among the first to adopt mathematical practices when studying celestial occurrences. Back when they utilized cuneiform tablets (a pictographic system) for writing and recording, the Babylonians left behind various charts to indicate they were geometrically calculating astronomical placements! 


The Babylonians

The Babylonians, around 300 to 400 BC, started to use math as a way to calculate what is now known as the Zodiac chart! They divided the path of the Sun, Moon, and planets equally into 12 “phases”, then named them based upon nearby constellations. This was one of their many ways to compute where the planets, Sun, and Moon were which helped them eventually decipher what time of year it was!

It was one of the first and more advanced exemplifications of math being applied to astronomical affairs, but certainly not the last. Their early strategies centered around mathematical astronomy helped them calculate predictions of the position and track of Jupiter’s orbit!

The Babylonians, as well as the Egyptians, went on to adopt early astronomical calculations to formulate advanced calendars. They were the civilizations to primarily adopt astrology to better understand the machinations of our Universe. Unlike the earlier Mesopotamian communities, the Romans and Greeks used math and astronomy for other purposes.


The Romans

Early Romans were very familiar with celestial beings! Ptolemy, a prominent Egyptian philosopher (when Egypt was under Rome’s rule) was most known for formulating an Earth-centric depiction of our solar system. Ptolemy’s findings were so heavily inspirational to the Romans, they even created mythological figures to represent their understanding of the planets! 

The ancient Romans interpreted the role of the seven planets (they knew at the time): the Moon, the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, Mars, and Saturn. It was the Greeks who ended up naming the planets, however, the Romans applied their own gods’ names to fit their narrative. We typically refer to these planets as their Roman names:


  • Mercury (aka Mercurius): named after the god of commerce, eloquence, travelers, 
  • Venus: named after the goddess of love for its bright light and softer appearance
  • Mars: for the god of war, rightfully named due to the planet’s bold red color
  • Jupiter: the biggest planet in the system named for the head Roman deity, the god of sky and thunder, and King of the Roman gods in their mythology
  • Saturn: the father of Jupiter, god of agriculture. Fun fact: based on Ptolemy’s model, Saturn is also named after Saturday (Saturn’s day)


Once the other planets in our solar system were discovered, they also received names in conjunction with Roman mythology. Uranus was named for the Roman personification of the sky, while Neptune was named after the god of the sea for its beautiful blue-green hue.

The Romans weren’t just accredited with naming the solar system; they created our current and most used yearly calendar! Before they adopted a prominent amount of Greek astronomy, the Romans paid meticulous attention to the placements of stars and planets in the sky to determine the lunar cycle. This aided them in growing a ten-month cycle to the twelve-month cycle. 


The Greeks

Much of our current understanding of astronomy would be nowhere without the Greeks. They were able to provide many other civilizations with specific findings of more minute planetary aspects at the time- for instance, our own Earth. Because the helio-centric depiction of our solar system didn’t arise until the discoveries of Copernicus (1473-1543), the Greeks took observational astronomy to try and detail more about Earth.

One of Greece’s innovative philosophers and mathematicians, Pythagoras, pushed many discoveries forward with his work. However, he based many of his revelations on mathematical perfectionism rather than genuine quantitative reasoning. For instance, Pythagoras was the first to propose that the Earth was spherical not because it made “sense”, but because the sphere is considered a “perfect” 3D shape. 

Pythagoras was not the only Greek to hypothesize major astronomical functions. Along came Aristarchus of Samos (310-230 BC) with his much more realistic contributions revolving around the Earth’s role in our Universe. He was the inspiration for Copernicus’s work.

Aristarchus focused mostly on the movement of the Earth and its size concerning both the Sun and Moon through eclipses! He procured three core premises that helped him articulate his findings. 

While observing a lunar eclipse, Aristarchus confirmed through geometrical analysis that the size of Earth’s shadow on the moon further proves that the Sun is of greater size than the Earth. Although Aristarchus made true statements about the measurements of our planet & its surroundings, he still followed the inaccurate geocentric model of our solar system (rather than the heliocentric one). 

Many many years passed before math and astronomy were applied to the RIGHT depiction of our solar system. Thanks to Copernicus and his proposal of an accurate heliocentric model, we were able to better detail why our Earth experiences the natural occurrences it does and how it affects other planets in our system.

It took quite a long time, and many other astronomers, to apply relevant math to confirm our place in the Universe. However, without the ancient and classical civilizations passionate about investigating our vast world, we would not have a strong basis to formulate our findings.

Need A Pick Me Up? Here Are 7 of the Best Taco Trucks and Coffee Joints in Austin, TX


A big city with a big attitude, but an even bigger appetite. If you’re craving some authentic Mexican cuisine, or a delicious dose of caffeine, then these joints are for you!


It’s no secret that Texas is home to a melting pot of delicious, satiating, and diverse foods inspired by various areas of the world. No matter where you go, rural or urban, there’s something new and intriguing to try.


But of course, like any other state in America, there are staples to their cuisine with a unique flare. Texas is very well known for having an array of Mexican-oriented food establishments with very special one-of-a-kind location options… food trucks!


Food trucks have become increasingly popular within the last few years for their easy accessibility for a stellar meal. Not only are they great for casual day-to-day life, but they make for awesome catering choices!


Texas, Austin in particular, has many food trucks dispersed throughout the area. They’re extremely popular since the city has a higher population, perfect for convenient and quick pick-me-ups during busy workdays. 


Two of their top-notch areas of food are tacos and coffee. Both are universal crowd favorites malleable in flavor and style for every kind of taste there is! 


No matter where you’re from, you’re sure to find cool and delicious takes on your go-to foods and beverages, especially in a place like Austin where the passion for a good dining experience is just as big as the city’s vibrant personality.


Below are the Top 7 Taco Trucks and Coffee Joints located in Austin, Texas! 


  1. Radio Coffee and Beer: This is for SURE a crowd pleaser because they offer both coffee AND tacos! While there’s a wide variety of coffee, cocktails, and beer options for Happy Hour, this shop teams up with Veracruz Natural to provide yummy tacos for those looking to get a bite as well as a drink!
  2. Top Taco: They offer a restaurant option, but the food truck is where it’s at! Top Taco has a wide variety of options for all tastes, including breakfast tacos! Not only that, but they have a Special of the Day so there’s always a different and fresh option for regulars to try!
  3. Idlewild Coffee: This local business located downtown has all the traditional styles of coffee you can imagine, but they also provide a niche food menu and other drinks like smoothies! The staff is also a perfect embodiment of Austin with a great attitude! 
  4. Pueblo Viejo: PV’s trucks offer just as much variety as their restaurant locations. They include more than just great tacos on their menu such as Gorditas and a variety of traditional Mexican dishes! They’re committed to providing freshness and a genuine taste of Mexican cuisine with their dining experiences.
  5. Austin Grind: Once known as “It’s A Grind”, this independently owned shop is the epitome of a neighborhood coffee joint! Much like bigger chains, they do provide an easy and convenient drive-thru option for those in a rush. They have lots of frozen AND hot options to satisfy every sweet tooth imaginable. They now stock their fridges with ice cream!
  6. Pepe’s Taco: Pepe’s has been perfecting Birria style Mexican food and they’ve nailed it! Birria is a traditional Mexican soup or stew made from robust flavors, but primarily dried chili peppers. Pepe’s menu includes Birria in almost every dish to ensure the trademark flavor is in every option for all the varying customers!
  7. Granny’s Tacos: Granny’s is for sure a crowd pleaser with the numerous kinds of yummy food they offer! There are lots of vegetarian options as well as food aside from tacos such as quesadillas, bowls, torta, etc. The tiny truck is usually hidden behind a long line!


The next time you’re exploring all the amazing opportunities that Austin has to offer, check out any of these options to see what kind of new twists on your faves that these establishments have to offer!


Be sure to check out all their websites for full menus, online ordering, their unique stories, and location options!

The Top 15 High Schools In Austin, Texas


This array of schools collect and display a diverse embodiment of academic integrity, stellar staff, diversity & inclusion, and extracurricular opportunities for their student bodies.


While all stages of education are important, high school might just be the most pivotal.

High School sets a student up for the path to their adult life, whatever that may entail. It’s essential to give these growing young adults all the resources and opportunities to explore all the big possibilities their future holds. Many of these stellar schools are dispersed throughout the entire country; they all have a unique take on education heavily based upon the state they exist in. 


There are bigger, higher populated states such as Texas that take this principle on head first. While infamous for its big attitude and rich history, Texas is also home to an array of vibrant metropolitan areas perfect to raise a growing family.


The capital, Austin, is one of those amazing cities able to cater to a wide collection of tastes and needs. The city exudes a strong sense of community through tight-knit neighborhoods, much of which are filled by the amazing schools within them. If you’re looking to relocate into or within the Lone Star state, or you’re just curious about what makes a high school the best it could be… look no further.


Here are the best 15 High Schools located in Austin, Texas!


  1. Liberal Arts and Science Academy (LASA): It’s fitting that this magnet school’s mantra is “sapere aude- dare to think”. Not only do they offer varying levels of difficulty within the core curriculum, but lots of electives so their students can really embrace their well-roundedness! Their mission is to provide a rigorous educational environment that evolves alongside the development of our nation.
  2. Westlake High School: This comprehensive four-year high school is designed to bring out the best in their student body. They boast impressive numbers exemplary of their promise; they’re regularly acknowledged by National Merit Scholarship Programs. In fact, 128 of their pupils were recognized by the organization this year!
  3. St. Stephen’s Episcopal School: This private boarding & day school strives to create a love for learning and all the opportunities to follow. They take the time and care to constitute an environment for all their students, especially the Upper School (grades 9-12). The combination of a rigorous course schedule with extracurriculars and study time (and on-campus boarding) really accentuates a real-life scenario many of the student body will encounter going forward in their academic pursuits!
  4. Austin High School: The Home of the Maroons is a great support system for young minds! They have very detailed education but strive to provide all sorts of academic support for the multiple situations their students encounter on a daily basis. In light of COVD-19, they also install precautions to preserve the safety and success of their student body.
  5. Headwaters School: Headwaters ensures nothing but their best interest in those who go there. They go above and beyond for every stage of education! One of their most outstanding characteristics is the high school’s International Baccalaureate Program for grades 11 and 12 designed to prepare them for real world experience!
  6. Crockett Early College High School: This institution is great for so many kinds of learners! This school has a core curriculum alongside programs such as AVID, a Gifted and Talented Program, and many Career & Technical routes for those with particular passions! 
  7. Atkins Early College High School: Much like Crockett, Atkins offers a plethora of specialized technical programs aside from their traditional education program. A bonus feature of their curriculum is summertime opportunities such as camps and a Credit Recovery program!
  8. Hyde Park High School: This private Christian school is great for those who want to align their faith with their schooling. They converge spiritual learnings and practices with everyday education so their students can explore external interests just as much as their internal belief systems!
  9. Garza Independence High School: Garza is a wonderful choice due to their dedication towards implementing practices for at-risk students in need of educational resources. One of their most outstanding signature curriculums is the Social and Emotional Program designed to help children and adults develop fundamental skills for life readiness.
  10. University of Texas at Austin High School: What makes this school so special? Their accessibility! UT High School is a public institution that offers virtual programs to support all students and staff throughout the state of Texas and the country! Students can enroll full time or part time in conjunction with their other school enrollments.
  11. Ann Richards School for Young Women Leaders:  This is a public all-girls school inspired by the 45th Governor of Texas and fervent feminist Ann Richards. They focus on project-based learning as well as college readiness to provide economically disadvantaged young ladies a chance at nourishing their brilliant minds. 
  12. St. Austin Catholic School: This private religious school catered to PreK3-8th grade is located in the heart of the Austin area. They have a Whole Child Initiative that converges the Catholic faith with strong academic integrity to not only provide diverse education but proper skills for emotion regulation, stress management, & relationship building for the real world. 
  13. IDEA Montopolis College Preparatory School: Their college readiness curriculum is very proactive and really thinks about the future of their student body! They incorporate remedial courses into the curriculum so students have more time in college to focus on what they’re really passionate about. 
  14. Chaparral Star Academy: This open enrollment public charter school compacts a very vigorous college readiness program all in the span of four hours! They aim to maximize a student’s schedule to allot more time for extracurriculars. There’s a Morning session option as well as an Afternoon option! 
  15. Meridian World School: As a public, tuition-free charter school funded by state & federal income, Meridian invests in the student body beyond academics. Some special features of this institution include outdoor classroom space, natural playscapes, and sustainable practices so students can be encouraged to tune into their surroundings and recharge for optimal performance.


Be sure to check out all of these school’s websites for specifics on their personal missions, visions, and academic structures to craft them!

These days, there are many questions running through parents’ minds. Some of the biggest ones are centered around the re-opening. We have divided these questions (and some answers!) into the biggest areas:

Online or In-Person School?

Parents ask – should I let my child continue with online school? If so, where is a good local Austin online program they can enroll in?

If you end up choosing online education for the fall, and have a high school student in Austin, then we recommend checking out the University of Texas at Austin. They have a UT High School program that is currently celebrating 21 years of online education. They offer online school to all residents of Texas. You can enroll here. And, the best part is: it’s free. It’s completely online and a full course schedule. The program is funded by the great state of Texas.

There are just a few things you need to supply as the parent:

  • personal computer
  • reliable internet access
  • graphing calculator – this is important for most high school mathematics courses

Masks or No-Masks?

Should I send my child back to in-person education? Should they be wearing a mask? Will other students be masking?

This depends on the rules at your school and also on personal preference. Some families want to wait and see how COVID-19 evolves before they let their child go mask-less. But still others say they don’t believe in masks. One thing is for certain: the data overwhelmingly shows that masking reduces the spread of COVID-19. But we understand many families concern. Masking is really uncomfortable and many young kids are struggling with mental health issues due in part to social isolation – and likely the increase alienation and isolation of mask wearing itself. It’s harder to be social, make friends, and read facial expressions when everyone has a mask covering their face. It can be distracting and hard to learn. That’s why we think this is largely a matter of personal preference. You and your family has to weigh the costs and benefits.

It’s also important to think about and try to protect others. We are all Americans. And we are all in this thing together. Even if your family doesn’t have any serious illnesses in the family, that might not be the case for everyone. Some other kiddos parents might have cancer or diabetes. If you are concerned about them, then it might make sense to have your children wear a mask at school — in an effort to keep everyone safe. But we get it. I probably wouldn’t want my children to have to go through the burden of wearing masks at school. These are really tough and difficult times. If you want, you can always send us an email and we’d be happy to help try and think of a good solution of your and your family.

How can our Austin family make peace with all the uncertainty?

School years are supposed to be a time or renewal. A time when students get new shoes and load up on pens and pencils for the year. It is usually a time of hope and renewed faith. But this year many families are struggling to cope with the uncertainty of it all. The delta variant has complicated matters. Parents are worried about how safe school is right now. And students are worried about their social lives and their health. Many kids and students aren’t fully vaccinated—and some families have chosen to forego vaccination all-together.

There seems to be some generally good guidelines for kids these days … however politics and partisanship have clouded the issue. The simple advice is this: yes, your student should probably head back to school. They should wear a mask inside. And they should be vaccinated as soon as they can.

How can I help my children cope with their anxiety about returning to in-person school?

One thing you should encourage in your children is mental flexibility. A NYT article discussed this concept. The idea is based on research showing that people with higher levels of mental flexibility have fared better during the pandemic. Ok—you might say—that sounds great, but what the heck is “mental flexibility?” The idea is to take a more easy and “chill” approach to dealing with your thoughts & emotions. Don’t try to control them. Don’t get stressed about your own thinking. It’s fundamentally a meditative approach. You aren’t trying to control your thoughts. And, therefore, you aren’t allowing your thoughts to control you.

The idea is to encourage awareness over judgement. For example, let’s say you or your kiddo is having some intrusive thoughts constantly popping into their mind: “I’m sad” or “I’m worried.” Instead of getting mad at themselves for these thoughts, you can encourage their mental dialogue to immediately respond with: “Oh, that’s interesting. Just had that “sad thought” again.” Just note it. There it is again. Do you feel how there is less attachment with this?

If your kiddo is still struggling, we recommend trying some local Austin pediatric therapy or counseling centers. Here are a few we like:

Should I enroll my student in kindergarten?

Research shows that there has been a massive exodus out of kindergarten. Great reporting from the New York Times has shown that many school districts lost 20 percent or more of their students. Kindergarten is a time when kids are supposed to learn the fundamentals. But many families question how important it really is. That being said, the biggest decreases in kindergarten attendance were from the poorest neighborhoods and school districts.

Many parents have asked: what about virtual kindergarten? This is a fair question. But a significant body of research from Stanford has shown incredibly poor educational outcomes and results from online kindergartens. These kids may have learned how to operate a computer… but they didn’t improve their math & reading skills. Students who attended an online charter school suffered dramatically lower math & reading levels. And for students who attended an in-person charter school, their reading skills did improve at a somewhat similar rate to that of a traditional public school – but their mathematics did not. Their math skills really suffered. We might be a little biased here at Math Tutor Austin, but we believe that math is the single most important and fundamental skill that any student can master—whether you’re in kindergarten or college.

General Resources:

We really like the work of Dr. Pooja Lakshmin, MD. She is a medical doctor, practicing psychiatrist, and frequent contributor to the New York Times. She wrote this great article about how to handle anxiety about back-to-school decisions.


Kashdan T.B., Rottenberg J. Psychological flexibility as a fundamental aspect of health. Clinical Psychology Review. 2010;30(7):865–878. doi: 10.1016/J.CPR.2010.03.001.

For many families in Austin, getting their child into LASA High School is a top priority. LASA stands for the Liberal Arts and Sciences Academy. It is an extremely selective high school located in Austin Texas. It is a public school with about 1300 students. It’s an urban school and falls within the AISD school district. The goal of the school is to create young leaders and problem solvers. But getting your student into LASA is no easy task. Families spend thousands of dollars preparing for their student’s application to LASA.

About The Liberal Arts and Sciences Academy

There are a few important things to note about LASA. It is open to Austin residents and does not charge any tuition.

LASA is known for its academics and student clubs.

The Curriculum

The curriculum at NASA is considered to be tough. Three years of a foreign language is required. You will be please to know that LASA offers eight different foreign languages for students to chose from. The school requires four years of English. Additionally, students must take four year of math! This we love! But it’s the elective courses at LASA that are truly remarkable. LASA offers elective courses for students including offerings in creative writing, forensic science, amateur radio, and “how to be an adult.”

Student Clubs & Organizations

The Liberal Arts and Sciences Academy is also famous for its great student clubs. These clubs are great. They really set the bar high. Some of the most beloved clubs are the Debate Team and Quiz Bowl. The debate team is nationally ranked. And the Quiz Bowl team, no slouch itself, has won multiple national championships. Can you see why so many parents want to their kids to go to school here? I’m already thinking about how I can get my future children into this school! It’s awesome.

LASA Rankings

LASA is ranked the best school in Austin and is widely considered to be one of the best schools in Texas. It is also highly ranked nationally. Often it is considered to be one of the top 10 best public high schools in the nation. With all this said, the school is known to be extremely competitive. But we can definitely give you some tips!

Getting Into LASA

Earning a coveted acceptance to LASA is not easy. Applications are open to all students who reside in Austin. But the school requires students to submit their prior academic record along with taking a Cognitive Abilities Test (known as CogAT). You can read a little more about the CogAT test if you’re interested.

We generally recommend that you start preparing your student for LASA High School early. Normally we suggest parents should be thinking about this at the beginning of middle school. It’s very important t make sure that your kids are earning strong grades in all of their courses because it has been said that LASA places significance importance on the academic record of students who are applying. We also encourage students to be active and engaged with their middle school. This can take the form of band, sports, debate, or school government. We like to encourage students to have at least one club or sport where they can demonstrate a deep and committed involvement spanning many years.  It is helpful if this activity is also offered at LASA! Then your child can write about how that club is important to them—and how that’s one reason they really want to attend LASA High School.

When it comes to academics, we think that all areas on your student’s application should be strong. For example, they shouldn’t only have strong English grades but weak mathematics grades. This does not reflect well on your student. They need to be well-rounded, possibly with 1-2 subject areas that they are super interested in. If your child is doing poorly in one area, we highly recommend that you find a tutor. Many times students need to find a math tutor because their grades are just too low. At Math Tutor Austin, we can help your child raise their mathematics grades and improve their understanding of every level of math. This will show up on test scores and help your child improve their grades.

There is a lot happening these days in Austin Texas. Covid is surging among the unvaccinated and the young. And schools across the state are trying to plan a good way to handle it. Some districts have even stated they will ignore Gov. Greg Abbott’s recent banning of mask mandates. We know that many schools in Austin, Texas will not be implementing a sweeping mask mandate in the fall of 2021. However, it is expected that masks will be mandated on school-busses and highly recommended in classes for non-vaccinated students.

Many parents are worried that the speed and strength of this recent surge will continue or even worsen. Parents are aware that vaccination rates vary greatly throughout Texas — and even within Austin and the different neighborhoods and school districts that we have. Parents are also concerned about potential vaccination mandates for their kids. We have started seeing vaccination mandates in restaurants popping up in cities across the US. Some parents believe that vaccine mandates are going too far. In fact, the vast majority of families in Austin oppose a vaccine mandate. Many households, however, are more open to the idea of a mask mandate.

Certain school districts are offering the option of online on in-person education. We just know from experience that kids have lost so much ground this last year with COVID. Students in Austin Texas are way behind on mathematics. And this isn’t split evenly between school districts. Some districts, with more income, have done better. But the reality is is that almost everywhere students have struggled to learn math and reading online. Those skills seem hard for students to master over the internet. That’s one reason why we have seen students’ test scores in mathematics plummeting quickly.

What are some things that you can do as a parent to help your kid?

One of the things we recommend is considering an in-home math tutor in Austin. Our math tutors are based here locally and will drive out to your home. We will do whatever we can to create a safe level of comfort for you with regards to COVID. If this means wearing masks and having a tutor who is vaccinated, we will absolutely accommodate that. Many students have benefited from having an in-home mathematics tutor during COVID. It has helped some students improve their math and even catch-up with other students. Paradoxically, this great challenge for you and your family can be turned into a stepping stone to success. We can help your child improve at math and learn to love it. It will make class much easier for them to understand. Math no longer has to be stressful for them. We believe that students today have enough stress on their hands as it is!

An important thing you can do is check which Austin school districts are currently mandating masks.

Depending on the age of your child, you can consider if you’d like to take advantage of Austin’s virtual education offering. We’ve read that virtual school will be offered this fall for Austin students from kindergarten through 6th grade. The plan is for this virtual program to be made available for all Austin students within these grade levels. But you need to apply soon. A waitlist will likely form for students from outside the Austin districts.

As of now, we are hearing that Austin will require masks on busses. They won’t require masks in schools. But if you request it, they can ensure that your child wears a mask while she is at school. The Austin Independent School Districts (ISD) have also released general guidance for covid. They have a covid dashboard where you can view recent updates and also find the general guidance as a PDF file.

However, some sources indicate that Austin may in-fact require masks for students this fall. This is an article from Dr. Elizalde, who is the superintendent for the Austin Independent School District. So it sounds like the Austin ISD is going to be requiring masks this fall. We know that many parents are upset with this. They say it’s unfair to require all kids to wear masks.

This is certainly an ongoing issue and will depend on how COVID behaves. We will keep you all updated with more helpful blogs and articles as the year gets underway.


Most mathematics courses and tutoring sessions are taught the wrong way. Teachers stand at the front of the classroom lecturing. Tutors tell their students exactly how to solve problems.

This is old and outdated and simply doesn’t work.

But there is a new proven method to learn mathematics. It’s called “active learning.” Active math education revolves around the core idea of engagement. Students learn math when they are active and engaged in the activity.

Picture this: a teacher standing at the front of the room, but instead of lecturing, they are asking questions. They are encouraging the students to talk. Students sit, 4 at a table, discussing mathematics amongst themselves. The teacher is walking around the room and from time-to-time engaging in these conversations as well.

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